The high blood pressure in medical term is called hypertension, which means high pressure in the arteries. As you know arteries are vessels and job of arteries is to carry blood from the heart to all organs of the body.
Our heart is working round the clock pumping blood in and out of heart. The normal blood pressure is considered when you have Systolic reading below 120 and Diastolic reading below 80 (120/80).
The combination of both numbers gives us blood pressure of body. The top number is Systolic blood pressure and it corresponds to the pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts and pumps blood forward into the arteries. The Systolic pressure reflects the highest pressure to which the arteries are exposed. The bottom number is Diastolic pressure and it corresponds to the pressure in the arteries as the heart takes break after the contraction. The diastolic pressure reflects the lowest pressure to which the arteries are exposed.
Our blood pressure varies throughout the day by exercise, tension, sleep or walking. Any spike in Systolic or Diastolic blood pressure increases chance of heart failure. This can also lead to other diseases such as kidney (renal), arteries getting hardened, blood coming out of eye (vision damage) or brain damage. Considering the affects of high blood pressure or hypertension, it becomes very important to monitor your blood pressure. This will help to diagnose blood pressure problem in early stage and every effort can be made to normalize blood pressure and prevent complications related to hypertension.
what is high Blood Pressure
What can cause High Blood Pressure
1. Heart failure can happen due to bigger heart.
2. Small bulges get formed in blood vessels; the common place to form is arteries, which take blood out from heart, or arteries in legs, brain and to other organs in body.
3. Shrinking of blood vessels.
4. The eyes can bleed or burst, which may lead to vision damage.
Blood Pressure range
Below 120 Below 80 Normal Blood Pressure (Adopt a healthy lifestyle)
120 - 139 80 - 89 Prehypertension (Adopt a healthy lifestyle )
140 - 159 90 - 99 Stage 1 hypertension (Adopt a healthy lifestyle Medication Required )
Above 160 Above 100 Stage 2 hypertension (Adopt a healthy lifestyle Medication Required)
Read more on blood pressure/hypertension and why it is called silent killer .... Blood Pressure Reading